Novel methods for device and adherence monitoring in asthma.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article aims to provide an updated and evidence-based review of the innovative electronic health interventions to monitor and improve inhaler technique and adherence to recommended therapy in asthma.
RECENT FINDINGS: Out of the 290 articles identified by the search strategy, 23 manuscripts fulfilled the review inclusion criteria. Included studies mainly addressed m-health, electronic reminders, telemedicine, and inhaler tracker interventions. Investigations were performed both in adults and children. Remarkably, the majority of studies were performed in the most recent years, showing a progressively increasing interest for this field. Existing findings appear to be of moderate-high quality. A significant number of papers, however, were published in scientific journals with a low impact factor (<2). Furthermore, extremely high heterogeneity was found in the considered study endpoints. Collected evidence supports a relevant role for e-health in monitoring and improving inhaler use and treatment adherence in asthma. The patients' acceptance and satisfaction towards assessed interventions were also found to be positive.
SUMMARY: E-health represents a highly valuable tool for achieving optimal and personalized asthma management. Unanimously agreed and adopted standards for conducting trials and reporting results on e-health in asthma are however needed to fully understand its real added value.