BACKGROUND: Internet and mobile health (mHealth) apps hold promise for expanding the reach of evidence-based health interventions. Research in this area is rapidly expanding. However, these studies may experience problems with recruitment and retention.
PURPOSE: Ethical and legal requirements for healthcare providers in the United States, stipulate that patients sign a consent form prior to undergoing medical treatment or participating in a research study.
BACKGROUND: There are an estimated 25.8 million American children and adults, equivalent to 8.3% of the US population, living with diabetes. Diabetes is particularly burdensome on minority populations.
IMPORTANCE: Identifying treatment moderators may help mental health practitioners arrive at more precise treatment selection for individual patients and can focus clinical research on subpopulations that differ in treatment response.
Mobile phone social networking applications such as GRINDR are potential tools for recruitment of men who have sex with men (MSM) for HIV prevention research. Demographics and sexual risk behaviors of men recruited through GRINDR and through traditional media were compared.
Important non-experimental study designs to assess the relation between a possible determinant (e.g. a treatment, a risk factor, a diagnostic or prognostic marker) and a clinical outcome are the follow-up and the case-control study design.
mHealth Evidence is expanding to include grey literature in the growing body of evidence.
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