Children < 5 years

The Role of Digital Health to Support the Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Publication Date: 
May 14, 2018
On September 2015, the 193 United Nations member states agreed to continue their progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), started in the year 2000.

mHealth Field Guide for Newborn Health

This guide explains how mHealth serves newborn health through referral and tracking of mothers and infants, decision support for CHWs, CHW supervision, scheduling and tracking postpartum and postnatal visits, and teaching and counseling for mothers and families. Case studies are provided from Afghanistan, India, Malawi and Indonesia. Links to resources for planning, implementation, and evaluation are included along with lessons learned across the case studies.
Keisling, K
January 2014

A Look Back to Look Forward: A Multidisciplinary Evaluation of an mHealth Service in Malawi

Prioritized as an innovative opportunity to capitalize on the unanticipated or unprecedented access to telecommunications and computing power, mHealth is being applied at increasing scale and scope to facilitate attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for health. It is already being explored as a strategy for the upcoming Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) focus on Universal Health Coverage (Mehl & Labrique 2014).
Patricia N. Mechael

Applying Human Rights-Based Approaches to Public Health: Lessons Learned from Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Programs

The application of human rights norms at the national policy level is largely codified, but rigorous research on the field-level application of a human rights based approach (HRBA) to health programs is still in its infancy. The paper identifies human rights norms from international law and standards that are relevant to maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) programs, and presents an example of how a HRBA has been previously applied in an MNCH project.
Allison Smith-Estelle, Laura Ferguson, Sofia Gruskin

Accelerating and improving survey implementation with mobile technology: Lessons from PMA2020 implementation in Lagos, Nigeria

Large-scale nationally representative surveys have traditionally been implemented using paper surveys, necessitating secondary steps of data entry and management after data collection. Errors occurring during data collection or entry may not be rapidly identified. The Performance Monitoring and Accountability (PMA2020) project implementation in Lagos, Nigeria demonstrates four advantages to integrating mobile technology into survey implementation.
Linnea Zimmerman, Funmilola OlaOlorun, Scott Radloff

Application of mHealth to improve service delivery and health outcomes: Opportunities and challenges

The use of mobile technologies for health related activities (mHealth) is a new but rapidly progressing activity with global penetration. However, few programs have been implemented at scale. The objective of this paper is to review the background and evidence on mHealth, particularly with respect to the benefits and challenges of scale-up. A comprehensive review of literature on mHealth, aspects of eHealth and the related regulatory environment was undertaken in August 2014. mHealth innovations vary broadly in purpose, delivery channel and target population.
Linda Vesel, David Hipgrave, Justine Dowden, Wanjiku Kariuki

Strengthening the home-to-facility continuum of newborn and child health care through mHealth: Evidence from an intervention in rural Malawi

This paper assesses the impact of a mobile health (mHealth) project on uptake of home-based care for newborn and child health, and investigates the extent to which uptake of home-based care resulted in lessened pressure on health facilities for conditions that can be handled at the household level. It uses mixed methods consisting of cross-sectional household surveys data from a quasi-experimental pre-test post-test design as well as qualitative data.
Jean Christophe Fotso, Lauren Bellhouse, Linda Vesel, Zachariah Jezman

Improving care-seeking for facility-based health services in a rural, resource-limited setting: Effects and potential of an mHealth project

The aim of this paper was to investigate the impact of a toll-free hotline and mobile messaging service on care-seeking behaviors. Due to the low uptake of the services, the treatment on the treated estimate is used. For maternal health, the intervention had a strong, positive impact on antenatal care initiation and skilled birth attendance. No effect was observed for postnatal check-ups, receiving the recommended four antenatal care visits and vitamin A uptake. A negative effect was observed on tetanus toxoid coverage.
Ariel Higgins-Steele, A. Camielle Noordam, Jessica Crawford, Jean Christophe Fotso

Where there is no phone: The benefits and limitations of using intermediaries to extend the reach of mHealth to individuals without personal phones in Malawi

The purpose of this study is to identify the benefits and limitations associated with intermediaries to provide access to and increase utilization of an mHealth intervention amongst people without personal phones in Balaka District, Malawi. A mixed-methods approach was utilized including quantitative data on usage and focus groups and interviews with users and volunteers. Community volunteers equipped with mobile phones served as intermediaries and were critical access points to the service for users without personal phones.
Erin Larsen-Cooper, Emily Bancroft, Maggie O’Toole, Zachariah Jezman